Difference between scripting language and programming language

Difference between scripting language and programming language: A scripting language can be used to automate tasks or interface with other applications through APIs and ActiveX controls, but it cannot typically be used to build full-fledged applications such as those written in C++ or Java. A programming language can be used to develop standalone applications, among other things, but usually, not on its own - it usually needs to be compiled into an executable program first and then run by the computer's operating system. There are also hybrid languages that combine the capabilities of scripting and programming languages, such as Visual Basic .NET and JScript .NET

What is Scripting Language?

​A scripting language is a programming language that supports scripts, programs written for a special run-time environment that automate the execution of tasks that could alternatively be executed one-by-one by a human operator. The term scripting is borrowed from assembly languages. 

Most of them are dynamically typed, allow access to system functions and libraries, and/or include context-sensitive syntax. Many popular scripting languages also feature regular expression (regex) matching (Perl), a simple Web Browser Control Structure (WHILE – DO – END LOOP), OOPS concepts(Ruby on Rails), etc. In essence, these languages ​allow code to be executed in response to events such as actions initiated by users, network input, or output data streams.

What is Programming Language?

A computer programming language is a formal computer language designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer. Programming languages can be used to create programs that control the behavior of a machine (as opposed to operating systems, which control other machines), including computers such as embedded systems or even mechanical Turk. 

Many programming languages have some form of written specification of their syntax (form) and semantics (meaning). The best-known programming languages include BASIC, C, C++, Java, Pascal, Perl, Python, and JavaScript; common parlance conflates programming languages with high-level programming languages. Ada is also an important commercialized computing language; many others are in use today.

Programming Language vs Scripting Language

What’s The Difference?: What is a programming language? And what is a scripting language? To answer these questions, it’s useful to think about how you create websites. When you use a coding application like Dreamweaver, you have to program each action in painstaking detail. For example, if you want your web page’s logo to rotate after 5 seconds on screen, you need to enter all of that code into Dreamweaver. 

This is why professional designers often prefer scripts over coding languages; scripts are designed so that you can automate many actions with just one or two commands. Scripting languages like JavaScript make development faster and more efficient; however, some projects require speed-of-light development—and for those cases, coding may be necessary.


Scripting languages are used to create executable code that you can execute in a script. The typical example of a scripting language is Microsoft’s Visual Basic which is used to automate Windows apps like Office or even Windows itself. On other hand, Programming languages are used to create executable code that can be compiled into object code or run directly without an intermediate compilation step, as in JavaScript or Coffee Script, 

for example. There are also hybrid languages such as Visual Basic .NET which consist of elements of both scripting and programming languages since it needs to be compiled before they can be executed.

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